Make it enthusiastic, professional, complete, and concise. If you are applying for a loan, state clearly how much you need and be precise in how you are going to use it. Also include detail about how the money will make your business more profitable, thereby ensuring repayment of the loan.
Start by writing a description of your business, including what stage of development it is currently in (conception, start_up, first year, mature, exit) and your plans for growth. Discuss the nature of your business, the main products and services you offer, the market for your products and services, and how and by whom the business is operated.
It may not be pleasant to imagine all the "what ifs," but doing it now and planning for those unexpected events will improve your company's chances of surviving a storm. For an excellent step_by_step guide on the details of developing a risk management plan, see the article "How to Develop a Risk Management Plan," by Charles Tremper at wikiHow.com.
Studying your market will give you insight as to how you can make your business more appealing to people. Market research is more than just noticing trends in your customers' buying habits; it's discovering what motivates your customer to buy. Don't assume that you already know because you've been in this business for years. This study often unearths characteristics about your market that are hidden or new. It's best to discover these things before your competition.